Towards A General Renaissance
What to do with the low-density suburban sprawl which has covered so much of our country in the past 100 years is indeed a vexing question.
A promising start would, of course, be to stop creating more of it, but that is a concept both the Government and the devolved administrations struggle to embra...
Posted by Jon Reeds on 11 July 2016
We Know Best, Apparently
There is a wilful reluctance in this country to accept what a very dangerous thing urban sprawl is, demonstrated once again by the refusal of the Commons Environmental Audit Committee to consider soil sealing in its otherwise excellent recent report on soil health.
But, as we are currently watching ...
Posted by Jon Reeds on 20 June 2016
The Appliance Of Science
That politicians both national and local can be seduced by lobbyists selling snake oil is hardly news. There are, nevertheless, times when technology can provide genuine ways of moving forward, or indeed, moving sustainably.
I was reminded of this by an announcement by US sustainable transport campa...
Posted by Jon Reeds on 09 June 2016
A SUSTAINABLE APPROACH
The radical planning philosophy that blends old ways with new
Smart Growth is a sustainable approach to planning that emphasises compact and accessible urban communities and which opposes urban sprawl and car dependency.
It seeks traditional ways of planning towns based around local services, ease of walking and cycling and good public transport, especially rail-based.
It looks for ways to rebuild our lost sense of community.
WHAT IS SMART GROWTH?
Here in the UK we are rightly proud of our historic towns and cities, our beautiful countryside and a planning system which protects our environment. But, for a whole string of reasons, our small and overcrowded country has spent 100 years creating urban sprawl and a transport system fatally dependent on the car and the motor lorry.
Despite its large areas of moor and mountain, the UK is a very densely populated country and England is now Europe’s most densely populated country. Some parts are short of water and our shrinking farmland cannot meet all our food needs and so there is strong opposition to the urban sprawl which some claim is necessary to house our population.
Climate change means we need to use less fossil fuel, yet we have a transport system which accounts for more than a quarter of our emissions, our public transport is expensive and often inadequate and the fabric and economies of many of our towns and cities have decayed.
Smart Growth is a holistic concept which treats a range of spatial, transport and community planning and regeneration challenges in the round. Its origins lie in a country where the damage done by sprawl, car dependency and urban deprivation far exceeded our own – America. Yet extreme challenges often prompt the best solutions and, over the past 20 years, the Smart Growth movement has increasingly tackled these problems.
Today, many US inner cities are regenerating economically and socially and being equipped with the rail-based public transport many of our cities desperately need. Cities are being remodelled to help people to walk or cycle, high quality public transport is being provided and America’s fatal car dependency is being addressed. Meanwhile its sprawling suburbs are feeling the chill wind of higher fuel prices, falling house prices and social decline.
Recent years have pointed the need for UK planning, transport and community policies to take a new path. Smart Growth UK, an informal coalition of organisations and individuals interested in promoting the Smart Growth concept in this country, formulated an initial set of principles in 2007 and in 2013 a range of organisations gave their support to a policy statement Meeting the Growth Challenge which sets out the challenges we face and proposes principles for a sustainable response.